Apocalypse

THE MEDIEVAL WORLD WAS HIGHLY CONSCIOUS OF A NOTION OF TIME WHICH TENDED TOWARDS AN END. NATURE AND SOCIETY WERE FOUNDED ON THIS PRINCIPLE AND MEN COULD ONLY PREPARE FOR THIS ULTIMATE EVENTUALITY

APOCALYPSE AND ESCHATOLOGY

The concept of eschatological time: The World Will End in 6000 Years

The Age of the World: The Gifts of Nature Have not Entirely Rotted Away

Pilgrimage and Apocalypse: Comets in the sky appeared and countless went in pilgrimage

Relics and the End of Time: We venerate the saints in their bodies or better in their relics

The Scallop Shell: It is not without reason that the pilgrims returning from the threshold of Saint James bear shells

Monasteries and the Feudal Order: There Are Those Who Pray

Compostela and the Mission of the Apostles: The End of the World

Constantine, Charlemagne and the Book of Daniel: As the knowledge of one God was imparted to all men, a single sovereign arose for the entire Roman empire and a deep peace took hold of all

Arab Invasion and Apocalypse: Beatus of Liebana

Iconography: Elders of the Apocalypse: Having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of the saints

The Legend of the Last Roman Emperor: This will be the end and the consummation of the Empire of the Romans and the Christians

Oloron-Sainte-Marie: At the foot of the mountain on the Gascon side

 

MONASTICISM

THE MONASTIC SYSTEM WAS INTEGRAL TO MEDIEVAL PILGRIMAGE AND THE INFRASTRUCTURE WHICH GREW UP AROUND IT. MONKS WERE GUARDIANS OF THE HOLY RELICS WHICH WERE THE GOAL OF THE PILGRIMAGES AND IT WAS THEY, ULTIMATELY, WHO DETERMINED THE NATURE OF ROMANESQUE ART WHICH ACCOMPANIED PILGRIMAGE

Monasteries and the Feudal Order: There are those who pray

The Benedictine Order and The Cluniac Reform: Then were innumerable sick folk healed in those conclaves of Holy men

Monastic Endowments: The riches of a man are the redemption of his soul

Cluny’s Foundation: In Cluny a regular monastery shall be constructed

Cluny and the Compostelan Pilgrimage: This book was written in various places, that is to say, in Rome, in the lands of Jerusalem, in France, in Italy, in Germany, in Frisia and mainly in Cluny.

Saint Pons de Thomières

Saint-Pierre de Maguelone

Saint-Gilles-du-Gard: The monastic order under the patronage of this abbot flourishes, a possessed man is delivered from the devil

San Juan de la Peña

La Charité-sur-Loire

 

RECONQUISTA

ORIGINALLY THE PILGRIMAGE ROAD TO COMPOSTELA DESCRIBED THE FRONTIER BETWEEN CHRISTIAN SPAIN AND MOORISH ANDALUSIA. ALTERNATING PERIODS OF CHRISTIAN AND ISLAMIC MILITARY ASCENDANCY FORM THE BACKDROP TO THE PILGRIMAGE WITH CONSEQUENCES WHICH WERE POLITICAL, CULTURAL AND SPIRITUAL

The Arab Invasion: The ruin of Spain and its many and great evils

The Arab Invasion: Weighed down by the quantity of their sins the Goths were put to flight

The Battle of Poitiers: Two comets appeared around the sun, striking terror into all who saw them. A swarm of Saracens ravaged Gaul with horrible slaughter

The Reconquistà: The Saracens themselves also predict, from certain portents and signs of the stars, that their destruction is approaching, and they say that the kingdom of the Goths is to be restored

The Chrismon:In this sign you shall conquer

Apocalyptic Prophecies: Beatus of Liebana

Matamoros : God has made me a soldier and a contender and sent me to fight for the Christians against the Saracens and to gain victory for them

Sacrifice of Isaac

Leòn San Isidoro: In the City of Leon there are to be venerated the relics of the blessed Isidore, who permeated the Hispanic nation with his doctrines and decorated the holy church with the flower of his writing

Leòn San Isidoro: He who lives and reigns for evermore may order that His Church be free from the yoke of the Ishmaelites

Frómista San Martín: The sixth proceeds from Burgos to Frómista

Saint Pons de Thomières

Santa Cruz de la Seros

San Juan de la Peña

Oloron-Sainte-Marie:At the foot of the mountain on the Gascon side

Legend of the Last Roman  Emperor and the Prophecies of Daniel  on the Pilgrimage Roads to Compostela

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