Romanesque

THE PERIOD OF THE COMPOSTELAN PILGRIMAGE’S GREAT FLOWERING, IN THE ELEVENTH AND TWELFTH CENTURIES, COINCIDED WITH A REMARKABLE AND DISTINCTIVE WAVE OF CHURCH BUILDING KNOWN AS THE ROMANESQUE. THE CHURCHES BUILT THEN ARE GENERALLY CHARACTERISED BY  ROUNDED ARCHES RATHER THAN THE POINTED ONES OF THE LATER GOTHIC PERIOD. THEY ARE ALSO CHARACTERISED BY A PROPENSITY FOR MONUMENTAL SACRED SCUPTURE WHICH DREW ON CLASSICAL, CELTIC AND BYZANTINE INFLUENCES.  THE MEDIEVAL MIND WAS PROFOUNDLY SYMBOLIC AND THE SCULPTED IMAGERY OF THE ROMANESQUE PERIOD IS RICH AND EVOCATIVE. MANY OF THESE CHURCHES HAVE SURVIVED TO PROVIDE A VIVID TESTAMENT TO A BYGONE ERA.

ROMANESQUE

Romanesque

Iconography: The Scallop Shell: It is not without reason that the pilgrims returning from the threshold of Saint James bear shells

Iconography: The Ass and the Harp

Frómista San Martín: The sixth proceeds from Burgos to Frómista

Saint Pierre de Rhèdes

Saint-Gilles-du-Gard: The monastic order under the patronage of this abbot flourishes, a possessed man is delivered from the devil

Sangüesa Santa Maria

Iconography: Atlants – One who knows the depths of the whole sea and keeps the tall pillars which hold heaven and earth asunder

Conques: Even the deep recesses of Erebus lie open as she leads souls out of the underworld

San Isidoro de Leòn: He who lives and reigns for evermore may order that His Church be free from the yoke of the Ishmaelites

Iconography: Masks

Iconography: Sacrifice of Isaac

Iconography: Bosom of Abraham

Iconography: Apparition of Christ to Saint Thomas

Iconography: Balaam and the Ass

Iconography: Samson

Iconography: Elders of the Apocalypse: Having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of the saints

Iconography: The Journey to Emmaus

Compostela Portico de la Gloria: Whosoever is truly penitent, and is from faraway shores, and has sought to request with all his heart forgiveness from the Lord and help from Saint James in Galicia, without doubt will have the slate of his sins wiped clean in eternity.

Melle Saint-Pierre

Maguelone Saint-Pierre

Estella San Miguel

Santa Cruz de la Seros

San Juan de la Peña

Iconography: Chrismon

Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre

Arles Saint-Trophime

Oloron-Sainte-Marie

Autun Saint-Lazare

Iconography: Victorious Rider

Saint Gabriel: Even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning being caused swiftly to fly

The Massacre of the Innocents: I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus and the Word of God

Jaca: Behold the Lion of Judah

Santa Cruz de la Seros: The door of heaven opens when he opens this one

The Chrismon: Like Constantine among the bishops, he anathematised Arius

The Romanesque Rider: Charlemagne vowed solemnly to pursue the Pagans

The Transfiguration: Tell the vision to no man, until the Son be risen again

Verona Cattedrale de Santa Maria Matricolare

Saint Etienne de Tauriac

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